Advocates for children with special needs are backing legislation aimed at reducing the use of physical restraints and locked isolation rooms to discipline students.
The bill, authored by Republican state Sen. Randy Head of Logansport, would require all schools in Indiana to develop seclusion and restraint policies that meet certain standards and to train staff in their appropriate use. Senate Bill 345 would also require schools to document and report to both parents and the state when those techniques are used.
The push for the legislation started last year, after the U.S. Department of Education released a study that found tens of thousands of students across the U.S. — most of them disabled — had been strapped down, physically restrained, or locked into isolation rooms by teachers or school staff to keep order in their classrooms. In some cases, the techniques led to injury and death.
Head wants the legislation to apply to all schools — public, charter, and private — but some private and charter schools are lobbying to be excluded.
“No one should be able to put a kid in a sleeper hold or lock him in a closet, no matter where parents decide to place their kids,” Head said.
Though the legislation would cover all students — not just those with physical, mental, or emotional disabilities — it has its strongest backing from organizations that advocate for children with special needs. The U.S. Department of Education study released last year found that about 70 percent of the nearly 40,000 students who were restrained or isolated in seclusion rooms during the 2009-10 school year had learning, behavioral, physical, or developmental needs. The study also found that African-American and Hispanic students were also disproportionately isolated or restrained.
Kim Dodson, assistant executive director of The Arc of Indiana, said Indiana has laws that cover the use of physical restraints and isolation rooms in state prisons, juvenile facilities, and nursing homes, but no law that sets the standards for when they can be used in school.